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In the old days, networking from headquarters to a remote location required manual management. With a software-defined wide area network (SD-WAN), networking engineers can configure and implement an enterprise WAN — based on software-defined networking (SDN) — to more effectively route traffic to branch offices and other locations.
SD-WAN technology is more flexible and agile than traditional methods because it eliminates manual commands, shifting management tasks from hardware to software. That opens a world of possibilities, as network engineers increasingly work in an increasingly multicloud architecture, where infrastructure resides in the cloud, in on-premises data centers and at the edge. This multidomain management needs more flexible software-based approaches, such as SD-WAN.
But, if you’re considering SD-WAN technology, beware some misconceptions that you may encounter. In what follows we’ll set the record straight, so you will have accurate information when it comes time to request SD-WAN budget dollars. We’ll cover five myths—positive and negative—that have always been inaccurate or have become inaccurate over time as SD-WAN technology has matured.
Myth #1: SD-WAN provides LAN-like performance in a WAN. While SD-WAN technology can improve the performance of critical applications for users at remote offices, note that the technology is nonetheless bound by the limitations of the WAN circuits across which it operates.
SD-WAN helps improve remote network performance by continuously evaluating throughput capacity, packet loss, latency and other characteristics across two or more circuits. At the same time, it identifies, categorizes and prioritizes data flows traversing the WAN. The most business-critical and latency-sensitive flows are then flagged and sent across the most optimal path at that moment. That said, SD-WAN can’t defy the laws of physics. Your WAN will be only as fast and reliable as the combined circuits you provide for it. SD-WAN doesn’t deliver LAN-like capabilities. Instead, think of it as WAN – but with advanced foresight and application performance intelligence built-in.
Myth #2: I have WAN optimization, so I don’t need SD-WAN. Despite the fact that WAN optimization and SD-WAN both focus on solving bandwidth limitations between geographically dispersed sites over leased-line circuits, the two technologies are dissimilar from an execution standpoint. The goal of WAN optimization is to reduce bandwidth demand on a leased line using techniques such as compression, traffic shaping and data deduplication. Thus, more data can be sent over a WAN circuit without creating a bottleneck. SD-WAN, on the other hand, exploits two or more circuits simultaneously while also identifying and prioritizing data to be sent across specific circuits toward their destination.
Depending on the type of data flowing across the WAN, optimization techniques may provide little value. Only certain types of data flows can be compressed without harming the overall performance from a time-sensitivity perspective. WAN optimization also does nothing to address latency and jitter performance issues. Lastly, SD-WAN allows for multiple circuits to be used in an active/active fashion. This creates more bandwidth without compression side effects. The same cannot be said for WAN optimization technologies. Ultimately, most network architects have abandoned WAN optimization in favor of SD-WAN—or they combine the technologies to work together.
Myth #3: SD-WAN eliminates the need for MPLS. I’ve been involved in WAN rollout projects where Muliprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) circuits were indeed replaced with Internet broadband links. However, the end result eliminated the need for only some MPLS circuits—not all of them. Similarly, you may find that your WAN can leverage the power of SD-WAN to remove certain MPLS deployments and replace them with lower-cost broadband alternatives. However, don’t count on it from a budgetary perspective. As remote locations grow and application requirements change, MPLS is still considered the go-to WAN technology for reliable throughput and predictable network latency. Assume that MPLS will be part of your WAN for years to come, even if you choose to deploy SD-WAN.
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